Things take care before starting organic farming

Things take care before starting organic farming

When we start a business or plan, there are many things that come to our minds. Organic farming is not an exception. 

However, there are many things that affect the successful business of organic farming. In this discussion, I will tell some of the major things that you should keep in mind before starting organic farming.

Why are you wanted to start organic farming?

I have seen many people who are just wanted to experience organic farming. Some want to start it just because they have listen somewhere that organic farming can significantly increase your wealth.

While many people choose organic farming as a full-fledged business because they are passionate to do it.

Ask yourself in which category you are!

Why?

Because of there different ways forward for both.

If you just want to experience it because of your hobby, then you should start it but a small scale.
If you want to choose organic farming as a full-fledged business then it needs little planning, capital, and of course labor. You will also need some initial training if your not an experienced person.


So, please decide first where you are stand.

Size of land matters a lot

The size of the land is one of the biggest factors in agriculture. Because it’s an activity of land.

You will require are sufficient land holdings because apart from the land for cropping,  in organic farming you should have at least some land for constructing tanks to prepare organic pesticides, organic manure, organic fertilizer, and organic weedicides. For preparing, you also need some cattle (cow, buffalo) for cow dung, etc. 
Thus, first decided that how much land you have and how much of that land you will use for organic farming.

Health of soil


Soil health means the level of major minerals like nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium present (NPK)  and some minor minerals like Sulphur (S), Zinc (Zn), Boron (B), Iron (Fe), Manganese (Mn), Copper (Cu), etc present in the soil. Before starting organic farming please test your soil health. 


If you are in India then I suggest please take the benefits of the Soil Health Card (SHC) scheme. It’s a central government scheme in which any farmer can visit their nearby soil laboratories where labs will issue a soil health card.

SHC is a printed report which contains the nutrient status of soil with respect to 12 nutrients: pH, Electrical Conductivity (EC), Organic Carbon (OC), Nitrogen (N), Phosphorus (P), Potassium (K), Sulphur (S), Zinc (Zn), Boron (B), Iron (Fe), Manganese (Mn), Copper (Cu) of farm holdings. It is issued at intervals of 3 years.


Soil preparation is a very important part of your journey. Without this, you won’t be able to get good results. So, considering its importance you can do the following things to prepare your soil for organic farming.

  1. Leveling:- leveling means bring symmetry to your land so that there are no ups and downs on the land surface. This is important become without it when you irrigate your land then few plants will get more water than others. 
  2. Soil health check-ups:- if your health is not mineral-rich, first grow green manure, put some organic fertilizers and leave it at least for one season so that soil can get some nutrition to support future crops.

Do you have the required finance and capital?

 As you know very well finance/capital/money is one of the most important components of any business. Organic farming is not an exception.  If you wanted to start organic farming then initially you may require a huge investment.

Why?

In organic farming, there are two types of investment.

  1. Long term investment:- like
    1. Irrigation system
    2. Land purchase/land lease if you don’t have much land
    3. Tank development for biopesticide, weedicides, and organic fertilizers
    4. Cattle at least few 
    5. Leveling once in every 3 years
    6. Boundary or fencing development if there is the threat of animals
  2. Short term investment:- which requires renewal after every season
    1.  Seed 
    2. Organic fertilizer
    3. another day to day expenses

In all, you may require Rs. 2 lakh for every one acre of land (India’s case) if you have already land.

Thus on average, you may require $3000 per acre. Cost can be varied with location.
However, this cost will reduce significantly after 2 to 3 years because you have already did long-term investments. 

Marketing of organic agriculture produce

Now, you have arranged the land capital and set up all things that I have discussed above and after doing farming your vegetables are ready for sale.

Now the first question that comes to your mind where do I sell my products?


Yes, This is a genuine question that every business should address before starting a business. In the case of organic farming, you need a simpler way to sell in minimum time. Because vegetables are perishable goods.

This means they have a very short life span and start degrading after few days. Thus you require ready-to-purchase customers for your products. 


My suggestion is that don’t sell your products in the wholesale market or mandi. Directly sell from your farm is possible. This will help you to increase the publicity of your farm. It will also increase enhance the brand value of your products.

For this, you can also start a supply chain and direct-to-home delivery services. Initially, this could look cumbersome or tiring but once people become aware of your vegetables then they themselves come to you. 


In last I want to say one more thing. Initially, organic farming may not provide that much profit but gradually it will change your life.

people are becoming more aware of the side effects of chemical fertilizers and pesticides. So demands for organic vegetables are increasing day by day. People are ready to pay a higher amount for organic products. 


So thank you, readers,

All the best for your organic journey.

Stay tuned….