7 important and easy steps for preparing the soil for organic farming?

7 important and easy steps for preparing the soil for organic farming?

If you are wanted to start organic farming then there are few questions that can arise in your mind. Such as

However, doing organic farming is too simple and easy. If you are already a farmer or have some earlier experiences with farming then it is easier for you. Although having no earlier experiences can not hinder you from becoming a successful organic farmer because on this platform I regularly guide you regarding this.


So today’s topic is the preparation of your land for organic farming. Preparation of soil for more productive organic farming is simple and easy. You just need to follow some simple steps present below.

Let’s start…

1. Assessing the health of the soil

Soil testing

Before starting your organic journey you should check ✔️ the health of your farm.

How to assess the soil health?

You can do it in two ways, with condition that whether you wanted to grow organic crops for market/ export or for your own consumption

  1. If you wanted to grow organic vegetables for your own consumption and you have a little earlier experience in farming and agriculture then you can check your soil health with your own hands.
  2. If you wanted to start organic farming for the market or export the veggies then I recommend you test your soil through a certified lab. Labs will provide you complete details about all minerals and their quantities. This will also help you in getting certification for organic exports.

The large farm may require sample testing or more than one location. But small farmers having land of 2-3 acres can test your soil by just one sample. Work according to your own landholdings.

2. Check the texture of your soil

Soil texture refers to the quantities of sand, silt, or clay in your soil which will affect your management decisions. 

If you have sandy soil, you need to put organic matter in there to help retain moisture. If you have clay soil, you need to open it up and make it more porous so the water can penetrate it.

3. Cultivate your land

Cultivation

Cultivation of land is a very important component of agriculture and farming. It makes soil well aerated, amended, and improves its quality. You can use a cultivator of your own choice and according to your land size.

4. Remove stones, rocks, and pebbles

Removing hard rocks

Stone and pebbles are naturally present in the soil. If you are living in hilly areas, you may witness them more frequently.

Why should you remove pebbles?

Removing stones and pebbles is not very important every time. If the land has more than 15%- 20% such pebbles you can go for removing it. Otherwise, there is no cost-benefit for removing it.

Thus removing pebbles is an optional component. But if your land has more than 15%-20% pebbles then it may create the following problems:- 

  1. Reduced water retention:- Pebbles are impermeable and hence they can not hold water. Plus they increase the gaps between soil particles and reduce water retention. It means you are giving water to the plant but it could not retain in soil for more than a few duration. It can increase your irrigation cost
  2. Reduces nutrient holding capacity:- Stones and pebbles increase the gap between soil particles. These gaps reduce the nutrition holding capacity. Hence, low plant growth.
  3. Can affect the growth of root crops:- Rocks are non-penetrative in nature because they are too hard for roots and Hinders their growth. If root’s not Grow properly then they can not get proper nutrition and water from the soil. Hence crop production reduces.
  4. Biologically inactive:- As pebbles are biologically inactive. They don’t support plants in any way. Better is to remove them.

For removing pebbles yoi can use these two tools:- 

  • Soil Sifter:-  This tool usually consists of a rectangular or square frame that has a metal mesh with 1/2” or 1/4” holes attached to the bottom.
  • Circular “washing machines” like soil sitters, also known as Soil Tremblers are another good option if you plan to sift a lot of soil.

5. Removing weed

Weed removing

Weeds are unwanted plants that grow on your field with crops.

Why should you remove weeds?

Weeds reduce the nutrition level in soil and hence reduce plant growth. 

Ways to remove weeds

There are many ways to remove the weed. However, in the case of organic farming, You should choose sustainable ways. 

The best way is to remove those unwanted plants manually by hand.

You can also feed these plants to your cattle.

But if you have a large farm then you can also cultivate them and mix them with soil. It will degrade within 70-80 days into organic matter and increase the fertility of the soil. After which you can start your farming. 

My suggestion is to remove and collect them in one place leave them for few weeks. When they degrade, use it as organic manure. In this way, you will not need to left land idle.

7. Neutralization of pH of soil

pH scale for soil
  1. Pulverized Limestone
  2. Iron Sulfate
  3. Aluminum Sulfate
  4. Ash (not practical for highly acidic soils)
  5. Sulfur (for Alkaline Soils)

the pH of the soil has a significant impact on plant growth. If your soil is more acidic or basic (alkaline) then it can reduce plant growth and hamper your farming earnings. So, considering its importance you can use the following things for pH neutralization.

These things can be easily found in nearby farming equipment Shops.

Put organic matter of your own choiceHowever if you don’t have any idea about manure you can follow these steps.

  • Grow green manure
  • Use only aged manure or it may burn your plants
  • Vermicompost
  • Use biochar
  • Benefits of biochar
    • Improve Nutrient Retention
    • Increase Water Retention
    • It can be Habitat for Beneficial Microorganisms which increases soil fertility
    • Increased Drainage of your field
    • Improved Aeration
    • Act as pH Buffer
    • Makes Harmful Contaminants Inert

So, these are seven most important steps for preparation of soil in your farm.

Here I have to mention one thing. It is

The most beautiful thing about organic soil management is that your soil can become more and more fertile after every season.

Thank your readers,

All the best and happy farming…

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